April 7, 2017 in Nile vanishing
March 30, 2017 in Nile Cooperation
|Murchison Falls, also known as Kabalega Falls, is a waterfall between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the White Nile River in Uganda. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only seven metres (23 ft) wide, and tumbles 43 metres (141 ft), before flowing westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic meters per second (11,000 ft³/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten metres (30 ft) wide. WIKIPEDIA PHOTO – ROD WADDINGTON from Kergunyah, Australia.|
|Expert calls for sustained co-operation on Nile river water use|
|by Ronald Ssekandi KAMPALA Uganda (Xinhua) — An expert has urged African countries in River Nile basin to sustain cooperation on the use of Nile water in a bid to avoid tension and conflict.Innocent Ntabana, Executive Director of Nile Basin Initiative (NBI), an intergovernmental organization, told reporters that River Nile, the longest in the world, is a key resource among the ten member countries in its basin, while noting that if mismanaged conflict may occur.
NBI brings together ten countries in the Nile basin including Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, while Eritrea participates as an observer.
The main aim of NBI is to foster cooperation among member countries on the utilization of the Nile.
NBI figures show that there are 250 million inhabitants within the Nile Basin while 450 million live within the member countries.
Projection figures indicate that there would be over one billion people in the member countries by 2050.
Ntabana said with this population pressure many countries will look at the Nile for survival while some have started constructing infrastructure on the 6,700-km river.
He said as countries plan these infrastructures, they have to put into considerations the interest of other countries.
A recent decision by Ethiopia to construct a power dam on the Nile caused a row with Egypt that protested over concerns of reduction in water volumes.
The Nile is the life line of Egypt where the river pours into the Mediterranean Sea.
Riparian countries now have a new framework agreement that seeks to replace colonial agreements on sharing and usage of the Nile.
The colonial agreements grant Egypt bigger quotas of the Nile waters.
Egypt declined to be part of the new framework partly over fears that the volume of water flow would be affected if several projects are to be constructed on the river.
Ntabana said that there are ongoing talks to bring Egypt back.
Early this month, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni called for a summit to discuss the deadlock on the new agreement.
Museveni who was speaking during the visit of Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said the deadlock has dragged on for long and needs to be concluded.
November 7, 2016 in Nile and Israel
Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry recently paid an official visit to Israel and met with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Of the issues discussed between the two, the most important was that Egypt might consider appointing Netanyahu as its mediator to resolve its water dispute with Ethiopia. A point overlooked by local media, which focused on what they claimed was the betrayal of the Palestinians the meeting represented.
Also overlooked was the fact that Israel will manage the electricity output from the Renaissance Dam and is in general becoming a strong presence on the continent.
Water is a matter of national security for all nations, and particularly so for Egypt.
According to the 1959 agreement on the distribution of the Nile River water, Egypt’s share is 55.5 billion cu.m. What was enough in 1959, however, is not enough in 2016.
While Egypt has ambitious economic plans, the country’s pressing population increase is not making matters easier for the Egyptian government. The end justifies the means and so Egypt appointed Netanyahu to resolve water issues with Ethiopia as part of a two-phase project. In the first phase, a pipeline is to be constructed from Tana Lake in Ethiopia which will pass through Eretria (where Dahlak and Fatma islands host the Israeli naval forces that are strategically overseeing Bab al-Mandab), then through Sudan and finally Egypt. Afterwards, in phase two, the pipeline can be extended to take Nile River water to Israel.
The mutual benefits are obvious: for Egypt a higher share of cleaner Nile water for irrigation, industrial and commercial usage. We can build pipelines or construct canals to reach the western desert regions depending on site surveys and cost-benefit analyses. Israeli innovations and technology in agriculture will be an added assist.
For Israel, the plan will guarantee a continuous flow of Nile water to meet its current and future needs. It will be then be in a position to sell water to both Jordan and Palestinians in return of securing peace for its people. Israeli companies will profit from the rapidly growing Egyptian market – with approximately 2.6 million children added each year.
Once Israeli technology is adapted in Egypt, together the two countries will gain entrance to African markets with signed bilateral trade agreements such as COMESA and others.
The Alexandria to Cape Town highway and new tunnels under the Suez Canal – projects under construction – will facilitate the movement of products from Egypt and Israel.
Ethiopia will generate cash by selling the water. This cash can be utilized to meet its industrial and agricultural needs.
I am a strong believer that peace and prosperity can be brought about through economic cooperation. This vision, once accepted by the three leaders, will require building an advocacy team with members from each country which has strategic vision to carry out an action plan. The Egyptian public is beginning to feel the impact of water shortages, in agriculture and in the home. It is appropriate to take action now while the political and economic circumstances permit.
The author is a competitive intelligence consultant.