UN urged Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan to “work together” to resolve differences over mega-dam

June 24, 2020 in Damming

The UN on Monday urged Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan to “work together” to resolve differences over Addis Ababa’s Nile River mega-dam which has been a long-running source of regional tension.

At Egypt’s request, the Security Council was scheduled to hold an informal videoconference Monday afternoon to address the dispute did not give results as expected by Egypt. However, US Black congressmen supported the Ethiopian position.

Recent talks failed to produce a deal on the filling and operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which will be the largest hydropower plant in Africa.

“We urge Egypt, we urge Ethiopia and Sudan to work together to intensify efforts to peacefully resolve outstanding differences,” UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said during his daily press conference.

Dujarric recalled “the importance of the 2015 Declaration of Principles on the dam” that stressed the need for cooperation based on good faith, international law and mutual benefit.

Expert calls for sustained co-operation on Nile river water use

March 30, 2017 in Nile Cooperation

Expert calls for sustained co-operation on Nile river water use  | Coastweek

Murchison Falls, also known as Kabalega Falls, is a waterfall between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the White Nile River in Uganda. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only seven metres (23 ft) wide, and tumbles 43 metres (141 ft), before flowing westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic meters per second (11,000 ft³/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten metres (30 ft) wide. WIKIPEDIA PHOTO – ROD WADDINGTON from Kergunyah, Australia.

Expert calls for sustained co-operation on Nile river water use
by Ronald Ssekandi KAMPALA Uganda (Xinhua) — An expert has urged African countries in River Nile basin to sustain cooperation on the use of Nile water in a bid to avoid tension and conflict.Innocent Ntabana, Executive Director of Nile Basin Initiative (NBI), an intergovernmental organization, told reporters that River Nile, the longest in the world, is a key resource among the ten member countries in its basin, while noting that if mismanaged conflict may occur.

NBI brings together ten countries in the Nile basin including Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, while Eritrea participates as an observer.

The main aim of NBI is to foster cooperation among member countries on the utilization of the Nile.

NBI figures show that there are 250 million inhabitants within the Nile Basin while 450 million live within the member countries.

Projection figures indicate that there would be over one billion people in the member countries by 2050.

Ntabana said with this population pressure many countries will look at the Nile for survival while some have started constructing infrastructure on the 6,700-km river.

He said as countries plan these infrastructures, they have to put into considerations the interest of other countries.

A recent decision by Ethiopia to construct a power dam on the Nile caused a row with Egypt that protested over concerns of reduction in water volumes.

The Nile is the life line of Egypt where the river pours into the Mediterranean Sea.

Riparian countries now have a new framework agreement that seeks to replace colonial agreements on sharing and usage of the Nile.

The colonial agreements grant Egypt bigger quotas of the Nile waters.

Egypt declined to be part of the new framework partly over fears that the volume of water flow would be affected if several projects are to be constructed on the river.

Ntabana said that there are ongoing talks to bring Egypt back.

Early this month, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni called for a summit to discuss the deadlock on the new agreement.

Museveni who was speaking during the visit of Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said the deadlock has dragged on for long and needs to be concluded.

Ethiopian dam will have a devastating effect on Egypt

November 16, 2016 in Damming, Ethiopian dam, Water Crisis

Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in July 2016

 

by Professor Nader Nouriddin

Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam on the Nile will damage Egypt on many levels, the professor of water resources at Cairo University warned on Friday.

Speaking to Quds Press, Professor Nader Nouriddin said that the dam is going to decrease Egypt’s annual portion of water from River Nile by 12 billion cubic metres. Drought conditions in Lake Nasser are also likely, he added.

This will have the effect of making the water shortage in Egypt much worse, said Nouriddin. As a result, all land reform and agricultural projects are likely to grind to a halt as water reserves fall. This will, he believes, have an inevitable negative impact on food supply.

Describing the dam as an “oppressive” move by Ethiopia, the academic claimed that its sole aim is to deprive Egypt of its portion of Nile water. He pointed out that the dam itself is liable to be damaged by the great floods which happen every 10 years or so. “This will cause a massive disaster in Sudan and Egypt.”

“This project consists of a series of four dams which are enough for 200 billion cubic metres of water in the Blue Nile,” explained Nouriddin. “By accepting the Renaissance Dam, we automatically accept the other dams.” We have to ask what will remain for Egypt, he concluded.